Eu Framework Agreements
In order to achieve the above objectives, it is necessary to define the framework agreements in question first. The focus will be on different types of framework agreements and on assessing their pros and cons. Second, the most common challenges and uncertainties faced by adjudicator powers in the use of framework agreements are identified and analyzed. Particular attention will be paid to the following challenges: the conclusion of framework agreements on purchasing power plants; analysis of whether framework agreements are public procurement; identification and definition of the purpose of framework agreements. It also analyses the procedure for concluding a framework agreement and the subsequent attribution of refusals. Finally, the last section will contain final observations. Agreements have been reached on sectoral social dialogue, for example on working time in the sea and civil aviation sectors, which have also been turned into guidelines. However, they were not referred to as framework agreements: the European agreement on the arrangement of working time for seafarers between ecSA and FST on 30 September 1998 (revised by the Council`s 1999/63/EC Directive of 21 June 1999); the European agreement on the organisation of working time for mobile workers in civil aviation, concluded on 22 March 2000 by the ARA, EFT, ECA, ERA and IACA (converted to 2000/79/EC directive of the Council of 27 November 2000). The Commission`s communication of 26 June 2002 on European social dialogue, a force for innovation and change (COM (2002) 341 final) is in Appendix 3. 12 Consultations of the inter-sector social partners in accordance with Article 138 CE (now Article 154 DUTF) Seven European framework agreements are the result of this social dialogue: there are parallels with `framework directives`, such as the `framework directive` on health and safety (`framework directive` on health and safety (`framework directive` Council Directive 89/391/EEC on the introduction of measures to improve the safety and health of workers in the workplace), which contains “general principles” (Article 1, paragraph 2) and has given rise to “girls` guidelines” on specific risks; or the Council`s Directive 2000/78 establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and work and directive 2002/14/EC establishing a general framework for information and consultation of workers in the European Community. See also: European Works Councils; European industry associations; European social dialogue; European collective agreements; Transnational enterprise agreements.
Most of the EDF – 52 out of 73 according to Eurofound`s research – were signed by EBR. 42 of them were signed by the EEE alone; 10 were co-signed in collaboration with European industry associations, three of which were also co-signed by national trade unions. Signed by a single EIF, i.e. by the European Metallurgical Federation (CEM). This recent development reflects the EIF`s more critical attitude towards the ERC agreements. The EDF, supported by the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) and other funds, requires that negotiations and the signing of transnational agreements be limited to trade union organisations. In 2004, the Public Sector Directive introduced provisions on framework agreements, which are considered “framework agreements” for the provision of goods, works or services, for which the contracting authority is repeatedly required.