Withdrawal Agreement Bill Explained
The British Parliament approved the draft agreement by adopting on 23 January 2020 the implementing laws (the 2020 Withdrawal Agreement Act) of the European Union (withdrawal agreement). Following the signing of the agreement, the UK Government adopted and tabled the UK`s ratification instrument on 29 January 2020.  The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after approval by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The UK`s withdrawal from the EU came into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, when the withdrawal agreement came into force in accordance with Article 185. The promise that the government`s position in the negotiations on future relations will be consistent with the political declaration attached to the withdrawal agreement. The withdrawal agreement sets out how the UK and the EU will pay off their unpaid financial obligations arising from the UK`s participation in the EU budget as a member state and the wider aspects of its EU membership. The agreement on these financial aspects is known in the financial settlement (regulation). The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.
 The bill was first introduced in Parliament on 21 October 2019, but expired on 6 November with the dissolution of Parliament in preparation for the December 2019 parliamentary elections. The government did not explain why it wanted to end the permanent benefit after March 31, 2021. About two-thirds of the UK`s net payments could still be due as of 31 March 2021. When Theresa May`s government explained how it would legislate on the financial regulation (in its White Paper), it said it would use a permanent service and no deadline was set. Since the amount of payments will vary, May`s government has explained that the payment of financial compensation would require flexibility that should be better provided by a permanent provision of services. The removal of clauses that ignore the alignment of workers` rights with the EU. The government promised in the Queen`s speech on Thursday that workers` rights would instead be “protected and strengthened” by an employment law. On January 21, 2020, the House of Lords passed the law after passing five amendments. However, these amendments were overturned by the House of Commons the next day.   The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention establishing the status of European schools, the United Kingdom before the Convention and the accompanying regulations concerning accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, namely.