Un Bilateral Agreements
There are mainly two types of areas of education in which treaties or agreements are drawn up: according to international law, a treaty is a legally binding agreement between states (countries). A treaty can be called a convention, protocol, pact, agreement, etc. It is the content of the agreement, not its name, that makes it a treaty. Thus, the Geneva Protocol and the Biological Weapons Convention are the two treaties, although neither treaty in its name. Under U.S. law, a treaty is a legally binding agreement between countries that requires ratification and “consultation and approval” of the Senate. All other agreements (internationally treated) are called executive agreements, but are nevertheless legally binding on the United States under international law. Programs resulting from these agreements, which typically last three years, are defined by the joint commissions. These programmes generally cover the following areas of cooperation: The procedures for transmitting multilateral agreements concluded in accordance with Section 1.5.1 of the ADR have considerably strengthened bilateral relations with the various Member States of the Portuguese-speaking Community, such as Angola, Cape Verde and East Timor. Bilateral Investment Agreements (ILOs) are state-to-state agreements that set minimum guarantees for the treatment of foreign investment. Bilateral cooperation in the field of education is under way with some countries with which the ME regularly undertakes joint initiatives within the framework of an annual or sporadic calendar, including France (which specifically encourages and develops the provision of Portuguese and French in education systems; the promotion of European and international sections; the bilateral Luso-French Language Assistant programme; the linguistic and pedagogical development of teachers and the comparability of qualifications in training professionally). , as well as Spain, a country with which the ESM regularly cooperates, including activities related to the Pilar Moreno Prize and the bilateral interview assistance programme, which includes knowledge and dissemination of the culture of both countries; reciprocal transmission of language, literature and civilization in educational institutions in the countries concerned; The establishment and operation of educational institutions; negotiating a specific agreement on the equivalence of diplomas, both in higher education and higher education. More recently, there has been bilateral cooperation with China and the Macao Special Administrative Region (MSAR), with an emphasis on teaching Mandarin in Portuguese high schools and partnerships between Portuguese high schools and MSAR schools.
When a bilateral contract has been registered with the UN secretariat, it is published in the UN treaty series. In this database, you can, among other things, search for contracts and filter the participants (country), the English title, the French title, the date and place of the conclusion.